PIMUN 2013 – Paris International Model United Nations – Sexual violence and Kyrgyzstan
I am participating to the 2013 PIMUN (Paris International Model United Nations), a United Nations programme for students. It takes place in Paris and in any other city worldwide. I represent Kyrgyzstan with the SOCHUM Committee (in charge of social, cultural and humanitarian affairs). It is also known as the 3rd Committee of the UN General Assembly. Here is the main topic overview : RETHINKING CRIMES OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE AS WAR CRIMES,CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY,AND ACTS OF GENOCIDE. This paper is not my point of view on the topic. I had to follow the country’s point of view on the issue***.
Here is my position paper on it :
Everyday, human rights of millions of women and children are being violated because they are victims of sexual-related crimes issues which make the whole international community feel concerned. Not only does sexual violence concern women and girls under 16 but it also equally involves men and boys. Sexual violences are diverse and may occur anywhere : home, on the streets, and during war and especially armed conflicts striking African countries. Unfortunately, sexual crimes may be the result of weak legal and regulatory provisions and deep-rooted and sometimes violating human rights cultural traditions.
The Kyrgyz Republic aims at providing a new approach of sexual crimes and praises the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict adopted in London on 11 April 2013. Then, it signed the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court on 8 December 1998, the day the Statute was signed since it recognizes ‘rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity’ as crimes against humanity.
The State of Kyrgyzstan is growingly concerned with sexual violence issues as the country has recently been affected with repeated sexual crimes during the alarming 2010 Kyrgyz-Uzbek ethnic conflict. Despite the published figures, the Kyrgyz government can swear the numbers of sexual and other crimes are less important than what have been stated and in no case crimes against humanity occurred despite sexual assaults reported by both camps that can’t precisely be listed. The conflict over ‘a border dispute’ has been affecting the country since 1990. But it has also led to an identity issue. In the conflict area, Uzbek people are numerous and claiming for the recognition of their language but the Kyrgyz government believes that Kyrgyz culture and language must be dominant all over the country with no exception and ask the belligerents to stop sexual violence.
The Kyrgyz government is aware of moral and physical damages that can be provoked by sexual violence and is working on the reinforcement of legal punishments towards sex offenders but lacks of money to provide liable and efficient services and institutions to offer assistance to victims of sexual assaults and to launch awareness campaigns. The Kyrgyz Republic calls international bodies for financial help so that women living on the Kyrgyz territory, when confronted to sexual violence may be supported especially within the framework of the Uzbek-Kyrgyz conflict. The conflict, in 2010, questioned sexual crimes. Where they an act of genocide perpetuated by the Kyrgyz population to get rid of Uzbeks from the Kyrgyz territory?
The SOCHUM Committee helps more victims of sexual violence and intimidation, creating local cells to support and encourage them to report any form of sexual violence undergone. On the other hand, the victims need to be informed on their rights and be given mental health support. Greater primary prevention should be provided in the most concerned areas. Social and economic consequences can be tragic due to the humiliation felt by the victims. The more crimes there are, the better it is for the 3rd Committee of the UN General Assembly to take a valuable resolution and to ‘declare war’ to perpetrators of sexual crimes and to erase the gender dimension of human insecurity. The 2003 UN Commission on Human Security stated that ‘Human security complements state security’. The rights and the dignity of a whole population cannot be entirely protected and safety may not be guaranteed. The Committee should take a resolution that would enable weak and corrupted governments to prevent the insecurity brought by sexual violence among others.